Case study method in sociological research, sociological research: designs, methods
Distortion occurs when a subject does not respond to questions honestly. Still another is controlling for extraneous variables, such as room temperature or noise level, that may interfere with the results of the experiment. Correlational research A sociologist may also conduct correlational research. Recognition and determination of the status of the phenomenon to be investigated or the unit of attention. This is the reason why case study method is being frequently used, particularly in social researches.
Major phases involved in case study are as follows: The aim is that to find out the influencing factors of a social unit and the relationship between these factors and a social unit.
It consumes more time and requires lot of expenditure. In respect of the case study method an effort is made to know the mutual inter-relationship of causal factors.
Even management experts use case study methods for getting clues to several management problems. People commonly confuse correlation with causation. Case situations are seldom comparable and as such the case study method in sociological research gathered in case studies is often not comparable.
Still another is controlling for extraneous variables, such as room temperature or noise level, that may interfere with the results of the experiment. Later on sociologists, Anthropologists, Ethnologists and other researcher were interested in the study of various cultures by case study method.
The case study method is based on several assumptions. Observational research Because distortion can be a serious limitation of surveys, observational research involves directly observing subjects' reactions, either in a laboratory called laboratory observation or in a natural setting called naturalistic observation. This method enables the researcher to trace out the natural history of the social unit and its relationship with the social factors and the forces involved in its surrounding environment.
In the context of this method we make complete study of the social unit covering all facets. One is finding samples that are random and representative of the population being studied. He or she then makes predictions about the population being studied.
Case Study Method Definition, Characteristics, Stages & Sources | SLN
The method has been used in sociology, psychology, and anthropology since the early 20th century. Under case study method the behaviour pattern of the concerning unit is studied directly and not by an indirect and abstract approach. As with most research methods, survey research brings both advantages and disadvantages. Social Movements Case study method in sociological research Research: It covers sufficient wide cycle of time.
The assumption of comprehensive study of the unit concerned. Recognition and determination writing a thesis for a philosophy paper the status of the phenomenon to be investigated or the unit of attention. In its absence, generalised social science may get handicapped.
This method is a means to well understand the past of a social unit because of its emphasis of historical analysis. Subject bias is common, because volunteer subjects may not be representative of the general public. It helps in formulating relevant hypotheses along with the data which may be helpful us presidential scholars essay testing them. This type of case study is typically used cinemark curriculum vitae a researcher wants to identify research questions and methods of study for a large, complex study.
They are useful for clarifying the research process, which can help a researcher make the best use of time and resources in the larger study that will follow it. Correlational research A sociologist may also conduct correlational research. Within sociology, case studies are typically conducted with qualitative research methods. Diagnosis and identification of causal factors as a basis for remedial or developmental treatment.
Practice Test Meaning: The case study deals with the processes that take place and their interrelationship. Mention may be made here of the important advantages.
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It gets at behaviour directly and not by an indirect and abstract approach. In a nonexistent correlation, no relationship exists between the variables. In brief, case study method is being used in several disciplines.
Case studies constitute the perfect type of sociological material as they represent a real record of personal experiences which very often escape the attention of most of the skilled voorbeeld dissertation bsn using other techniques.
A social researcher can use case studies, surveys, interviews, and observational research to discover correlations.
Whatever type and form of case study you decide to conduct, it's important to first identify the purpose, goals, and approach for conducting methodologically sound research. In doing so, the findings of case studies often stimulate further research. Besides, it is also a technique to suggest measures for improvement in the context of the present environment of the concerned social units.
Choice of a case or selection of a problem. Stages in a Case Study Method of Data Collection The techniques and processes of a case study method are given as following. It is qualitative as well as quantitative. Under this method the approach happens to be qualitative and not quantitative.
This also facilitates the drawing of inferences and helps in maintaining the continuity of the research process. The assumption of uniformity in the basic human nature in spite of the fact that human behaviour may vary according to situations. Experimental research tests the way in which an independent variable the factor that the scientist manipulates affects a dependent variable the factor that the scientist observes.
Case study depends our perception and gives clear insight into life directory. These factors can be us presidential scholars essay, attitudes, behaviors, or events. Distortion occurs when a subject does not respond to questions honestly.
The objective of the study may be to suggest ways case study method in sociological research reform the criminal.
Case Study - Definition and Types in Sociology
Since the subject under case study tells history in his own words, logical concepts and units of scientific classification have to be read into it or out of it by the investigator. Every possible effort is made to collect information concerning all aspects of life.
Generally, the study extends over a long period of time to ascertain the natural history of the unit so as to obtain enough information for drawing correct inferences.
Experimental research Experimental research attempts to determine how and why something happens. Major phases involved: Similarly, anthropologists, historians, novelists and dramatists have used this method concerning problems pertaining to their areas of interests.
Herbert Spencer adopted it and Healey was the first who supported this method and studied Juvenile Delinquency.
Observational research has limitations, however. In fact, it may be considered the gateway to and at the same time the final destination of abstract knowledge. Or they may use historical or library information to generate their hypotheses.
Response of the investigator is an important limitation of the case study method. Groode and Hatt. As such, case study deepens our perception and gives us a clear insight into life. Interviewer bias occurs when an interviewer's expectations or insignificant gestures for example, frowning or smiling inadvertently influence a subject's responses one way or the other.
Sociological Research: Designs, Methods
The danger of false generalisation is always there in view of the fact that no set rules are followed in collection of the information and only few units are studied. Correlational research attempts to determine if a relationship exists between the two variables, and the degree of that relationship. In fact, this is more the fault of the researcher rather than that of the case method.
Overview of the Case Study Research Method A case study is unique within the social sciences for its focus of study on a single entity, which can be a person, group or organization, event, action, or situation.
When a correlation exists, changes in the value of one variable reflect changes case study method in sociological research the value of the other. Being an exhaustive study of a social unit, the case study method enables us to understand fully the behaviour pattern of the concerned unit. Survey research Survey research involves interviewing or administering questionnaires, or written surveys, to large numbers of people.
The correlation does not imply that one variable causes the other, only that both variables somehow relate to one another. Exploratory case studies are also often known as pilot studies. Case data are quite useful for diagnosis, therapy and other practical case problems. More time is needed how long to write research paper case study method since one studies the natural history cycles of social units and that too minutely.
The high likelihood of the investigator's biases affecting subjects' responses limits the generalizability of this method. Cross-cultural research Sensitivity to others' norms, folkways, values, mores, attitudes, customs, and practices necessitates knowledge of other societies and cultures.
Case Study Method in Research Methodology Research Methodology
This is the reason why case study method is being frequently used, particularly in social researches. Through this method we try to understand the complex of factors that are operative within a social unit as an integrated totality.
The use of publicly accessible information is known as secondary analysis, and is most common in situations in which collecting new data is impractical or unnecessary. The researcher can use one or more of the several research methods under the case study method depending upon the prevalent circumstances.